One historian commented that had he not been the father of Hannibal, Hamilcar's Sicilian front might have received scant notice. Because Carthaginians kept no written chronicles of Hannibals life, historical knowledge of Hannibal was based upon Carthaginian oral traditions and entirely on Roman written records.  Phoenician colonies were strung along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of southwestern Spain and exercised some degree of control over their immediate areas, but only had trading contacts, not direct control, over the tribes of Iberia at that time. The Skaven warlord Ikrit accepted, but revealed only a clanrat . He kept his army intact and led a successful guerrilla war against the Romans in Sicily. He fights with a sword and shield, which could mean he fights as either a Murmillo, Thraex, or Samnite. To forestall any such event, rebels committed an act of cruelty unpardonable by Carthage. To preempt the danger he issued a challenge in front of the city for single combat between him and the Skaven horde. Hasdrubal the Fair then took over command of the Carthaginian army. Hamilcar Barca is a legendary purple general in Evony The King's Return. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hamilcar-Barca. He was the son of Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca (Barca meaning "thunderbolt"). Buy History Of Ancient Carthage - Hamilcar Barca - Punic War Tank Top: Shop top fashion brands Tanks & Camis at Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY and Returns possible on eligible purchases Amazon.com: History Of Ancient Carthage - Hamilcar Barca - Punic War Tank Top : Clothing, Shoes & Jewelry Hanno and Hamilcar unleashed reprisals against the Numidian tribes that had sided with the rebels, and the generals probably extended Carthaginian territory in Africa at the same time. The difference was that Fabius commanded a numerically superior army to his opponent, had no supply problems, and had room to manoeuvre, while Hamilcar was mostly static, had a far smaller army than the Romans and was dependent on seaborne supplies from Carthage. Themes. Hanno the Great was aligned with them and they espoused peaceful relations with Rome, even at the cost of abandoning overseas territories. As Carthage no longer had the resources for a large army, he could not face the enemy in an all-out battle, but he did manage to capture Eryx in 244 BCE, which became his new base. Carthage will ransom all Punic prisoners, while all Roman prisoners would be freed without payment of ransom. Apr 3, 2011. Hamilcar stood out far above the Carthaginians of his age in military and diplomatic skill and in strength of patriotism; in these qualities he was surpassed only by his son Hannibal, whom he may have imbued with his own deep suspicion of Rome and trained to be his successor in the conflict. Hamilcar Barca. Hamilcar then resigned his command but he would be needed again within months. Valens reckless failure in diplomacy and battle with the goths sent the Western Roman empire down the path to hell. Seizing upon Carthages weakness, Rome took the islands of Sardinia and Corsica, and, when an enraged Hamilcar moved to respond, Rome increased the amount of the Carthaginian indemnity.  Hamilcar occupied the bridge, then established control over the surrounding region.  Lutatius did not press the issue further, and the Carthaginian soldiers were later allowed to leave Sicily under arms with their honor intact, and without any token of submission a rare gesture granted by the Romans to a defeated enemy. Sicily. Hey, this is another piece I wrote, this time a mini biography. ; Carthaginian general; commanded Carthage's forces in Sicily (247-241) during the First Punic War against Rome; traveled to Spain (237) to rebuild Carthaginian influences there; drowned during the withdrawal from the siege of Helice in 229)  Hamilcar now had the means to pay for his mercenary army and also to ship silver ore to Carthage to help pay off the war indemnity. But now the 20,000 man army had to be paid their full due. Lance Serge states that Hamilcar's family was part of the landed aristocracy of Carthage. Hannibal Barca was probably a black Carthaginian military commander; he became famous for his crossing of the Alps, his strategic brilliance before taking on major campaigns, his tactical genius on the battlefield, and his operational prowess during combat. After retaking the Seven Words a city situated on the slopes of Gorkoman mountain, Hamilcar was forewarned by Lord-Veritant Vikaeus of an imminent Skaven attack. The success of Hamilcar and his family in Spain, which rebuilt Carthaginian finances and created a standing army, giving Carthage the means to resist Rome. HAMILCAR. The rebel loss was 8,000 dead with 4,000 captured. As the cavalry and then the elephants came closer to the infantry Hamilcar ordered each in turn to also wheel about to face the rebels. Last modified June 01, 2016. Byk komutan Hannibal'n babas. J.-C. avant de retourner l'tranger, o il russit tendre les intrts carthaginois dans le sud de l'Espagne. The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between Carthage Hannibal (also known as Hannibal Barca, l. 247-183 BCE) was a Carthaginian Carthaginian warfare has been overshadowed by defeat to Rome in Punic Wars by Bagnall, Nigel [Hardcover ], Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. It was probably some distance from Carthage because, while Hamilcar blockaded the valley exits and waited for the rebels to starve, Matho's army at Tunis did not intervene although the trapped rebels held out awaiting his arrival. Cartwright, Mark. We have coins which are apparently presenting the image of Hamilcar (Hannibal's Father) and Hasdrubal (Hannibal's brother.) Hamilcar Barca gathered the Carthaginian soldiers from Drepana and Eryx at Lilybaeum, surrendered his command, returned to Carthage and retired to private life, leaving Gisco and the Carthaginian government to pay off his soldiers. Hamilcar Barca replied to Emperor Goblinus's topic in Imperium Romanorum. The World History Encyclopedia logo is a registered trademark. Thus, in 241, the First Punic War drew to a close with the establishment of a new imperial power in the West.  Carthage now began to fit out an expedition to recover Sardinia, with Hamilcar commanding Punic forces.  The modern historian Dexter Hoyos stresses that "[s]uch manoeuvres were about the simplest that any army could learn, once it mastered the absolute basics of marching in formation". Hamilcar Barca (ca. The Barca family originated from the celebrated Numidian warriors. vii. He then quashed a rebellion closer to home between 241 and 237 BCE before returning abroad, where he successfully expanded Carthaginian interests in southern Spain. Hamilcar Barca was a daring, intelligent young man.  Without Punic records to cross reference, these remain mere supposition. , In eight years, Hamilcar had secured an extensive territory in Hispania by force of arms and diplomacy, but his premature death in battle (228 BC) denied Carthage a complete conquest. These "Fabian tactics" continued until Hamilcar encamped in a valley, probably near Nepheris, and the rebels trapped his army, with the Libyans blocking the exit, Spendius and his troops camping near the Punic army and the Numidians covering Hamilcar's rear. They managed to take over all Punic territories in Sardinia. While harassing Roman troops with guerrilla tactics in western Sicily, Hamilcar staged a landing on the north coast, capturing Mount Ercte (probably Pellegrino near Palermo), which he held in the face of determined Roman attempts to dislodge him (247244). Hannibal Barca, born Carthage 247 B.C, Hannibal Barcar was the son of the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca. ; mortuus anno 228 a.C.n. . Meanwhile, Mathos had defeated a Carthaginian army, and he dealt the same treatment to the captured Carthaginian general. Valerius Maximus has Hamilcar speak of "four lion's whelps which I have raised to exterminate the Roman name. Hamilcar Barca was recalled from Sicily and he joined Hanno the Great, who had made significant conquests in Libya while Hamilcar had been in Sicily, to quash the rebellion. Worldhistory.us - For those who want to understand the History, not just to read it. Hamilcar Barca Kordas (Public Domain) Hamilcar Barca (c. 285 - c. 228 BCE) was a Carthaginian general active in the First Punic War (264-241 BCE). Castellacio, 7 miles north-west of Palermo), and not only maintained himself against all attacks, but carried on with his seaborne raids ranging from Catana in Sicily to as far as Cumae in central Italy. Mathos could not, though, resist a joint army of Hamilcar and Hanno, and he was driven out of the city and defeated at Byzacium. Several office buildings, overlooking the harbor waters. Hamilcar next moved to confront the army of Matho at Tunis. Hamilcar and the Barcid line would now dominate the Carthaginian political and military arenas for the next 35 years.  The better-trained Roman fleet defeated a hastily raised, undermanned and ill-trained Punic fleet at battle of the Aegates Islands in 241 BC, cutting Sicily off from Carthage.  Hamilcar had managed to train his new recruits in some drill and basic battlefield maneuvers before they left Carthage. Miles, Richard, Carthage Must be Destroyed, p. 198. Once more Hamilcar was asked to clear the mess. Suggesting that the old coin depicts Hannibal simply because the back depicts and elephant seems like wishful thinking. Furthermore, Hamilcar allied with Hasdrubal the Fair, his future son in law, to restrict the power of the aristocracy, which was led by Hanno the Great, as well as gain immunity from prosecution. Hannibal Barca was probably a black Carthaginian military commander; he became famous for his crossing of the Alps, his strategic brilliance before taking on major campaigns, his tactical genius on the battlefield, and his operational prowess during combat. He kept his army intact and led a successful guerrilla war against the Romans in Sicily. He was also father-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair. World History Encyclopedia, 01 Jun 2016. So he did. Legend suggests that before he embarked upon the Spanish campaign, Hannibals father (Hamilcar Barca) required the nine year old Hannibal to pledge his ever-lasting hatred of Rome. (Barca meaning Thunderbolt) Who was Hannibal's father? Hamilcar was a Carthaginian commander whose greatest achievement was winning the Battle of Drepanum in 249 BC during the First Punic War. After his father led Carthage in the First Punic War, Hannibal took over the leadership of Carthaginian forces against Rome. Hamilcar ( Punic: , MLK)  was a general who succeeded to the command of the Carthaginians in the First Punic War. Roman Beach AttackThe Creative Assembly (Copyright). Hamilcar Barca: The Life and Legacy of the Legendary Carthaginian General Kindle Edition by Charles River Editors (Author) Format: Kindle Edition 5 ratings See all formats and editions Kindle $0.00 Read with Kindle Unlimited to also enjoy access to over 3 million more titles $3.99 to buy Paperback $8.99 1 Used from $10.20 4 New from $8.99 The last condition is mentioned by Polybius in place of the one regarding not making war on Syracuse. The Carthaginians were marching in good order so they could perform a pre-planned manoeuvre which they had practiced in Carthage, but the rebels, many of whom were inexperienced soldiers, believed that the Carthaginians were running away. By this time he had three daughters, and his son Hannibal was born during the same year. All the black African looking coins have been carbon dated around the time that Hannibal was alive, but the Semitic looking coins are dated roughly a century or more after Hannibals death. The Book of War; Dwight Jon Zimmerman; 2008. The total investment volume is $500 million . The Carthaginian's, in any case, continued campaigning in Spain. The five coins not recognized portray Hannibal with strong West African ethnic features. While he may appear to be an old man, he is one of the most powerful of the Twelve Zoalords, the co-founder of Cronos and its leading scientist. Hamilcar probably landed at Gades in the summer of 237 BC. The political clout of the incumbent leaders was probably weakened by the defeat in the First Punic War, their mismanagement of the Mercenary troops and finally the Sardinia Affair. Hamilcars victory over the mercenaries in 237 contributed to his growing political power in Carthage and led him to pursue territory in Spain as compensation for the losses to Rome. Quoting Tony Bath, "The Barca family, which originally came from Cyrene, was a powerful one but not at that time among the first families of Carthage". They chose Hamilcar. Entrusted with naval operations, he immediately set out to attack and ravage the coastline of Lucania and Bruttium. Hamilcar Barca 275-228 BC In respect of individual courage the Romans were far superior, but the general who must be acknowledged as the greatest on either side, both in daring and in genius, was Hamilcar, surnamed Barca. The end finally came on 10th March 241 BCE when the Romans defeated a Carthaginian fleet led by Hanno sent to relieve the besieged city of Drepana off the Aegates Islands (Isole Egadi). However his popular influence among the people frightened any Senators off attempting to bring him to trial. While Hamilcar won no large-scale battle or recaptured any cities lost to the Romans, he waged a relentless campaign against the enemy, and caused a constant drain on Roman resources. Hamilcar was a common Punic name; in fact, another general of the same name preceded him in command.  Hamilcar continued his activities unhindered from his position for another two years, being supplied by road from Drepana, although Carthaginian ships had been withdrawn from Sicily by this time and no naval raids were launched. According to Polybius and Livy, Hannibal's father Hamilcar Barca made the 9-year-old Hannibal dip his hand in blood and swear an oath of hatred against Rome. He distinguished himself during the First Punic War in 247, when he took over the chief command in Sicily, which at . Hamilcar's immediate objective was to secure access to the gold and silver mines of Sierra Morena, either by direct and indirect control. Carthage faced a joint rebellion of mercenary troops, understandably upset at not having been paid for their efforts in the first Punic War, Libyan groups seizing the opportunity of a weakened Carthage to rebel, and several cities looking for independence such as Tunis and Utica. Thank you! In the process, Hamilcar created a professional army of Iberians, Africans, Numidians and other mercenaries that Hasdrubal the Fair would inherit and Hannibal would later lead across the Alps to immortality. Poirson5.gif 449 637; 129 KB. Because of his place in military history, people often question his origin and black African ethnicity.  By the power of his personal influence among the mercenaries and the surrounding African peoples, superior strategy and some luck, as well as cooperation, if unenthusiastic, from Hanno the Great, Hamilcar crushed the revolt by 237 BC amid a war marked with cruel atrocities from both sides.. With a reduced army and fleet, Hamilcar commenced his operations.  Hamilcar observed that wind blowing from a certain direction uncovered a sandbar at the river mouth that was fordable and, under cover of night, the Punic army left Carthage and crossed the river.  Hamilcar is thought to be the best commander of the First Punic War and as a man, Cato placed Hamilcar a cut above most leaders, including most Romans. Hamilcar felt that Carthage had given up on Sicily too soon in the First Punic War. From that area he mounted naval expeditions against the shores of Sicily and southern Italy. When the rebel leaders agreed to the terms, Hamilcar detained the rebel delegation.  The rebels divided their forces: detachments were sent to besiege Utica and Hippo, while others cut Carthage off from the mainland, probably in the winter of 241 BC or spring of 240 BC. He was appointed commander in chief in Sicily in 247 B.C., when, after 18 years of fighting, the Carthaginian forces were at their lowest. Monolito Amilcar Elche Sierra.jpg 640 480; 43 KB. Hamilcar commanded the Carthaginian land forces in Sicily from 247 BC to 241 BC, during the latter stages of the First Punic War. https://www.worldhistory.org/Hamilcar_Barca/. Jul 9, 2012. 275-228 BC. The copyright holder has published this content under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. found: The Encyclopedia Americana, c1992: p. 736 (Hamilcar Barca, d. 229 B.C. America's Black dilemma [Barca, Hamilcar] on Amazon.com. By 247, when Hamilcar took charge in Sicily, Carthage had lost to Rome all of its Sicilian possessions except Lilybaeum (now Marsala) and Drepanum (now Trapani). When republishing on the web a hyperlink back to the original content source URL must be included. Geiger Richrd - grg npek Hamilkr karthgi kirly az oltrnl megli magt.jpg 690 1,027; 177 KB. Discussion Starter. Willing to relocate. As the strain on the Punic population increased, Carthaginian authorities then sent them off to Sicca, planning to plead with the whole army to forgo their unpaid wages by pointing out the dire financial situation of Carthage. Education. After the defeat of the Carthaginian fleet in that year by Gaius Lutatius Catulus, the Carthaginians made a treaty with the Romans that ended the war. However, if Hamilcar had hoped to recapture Panormus, he failed in his strategy. Newest results. The Book of Weapons; Dwight Jon Zimmerman; 2009. , The cognomen or epithet BRQ () means "thunderbolt" or "shining". *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Hamilcar aimed to attack the small rebel band holding the bridge, but Spendius led the rebel force besieging Utica to confront Hamilcar. World History Encyclopedia. This position allowed Hamilcar to hold a mountain base and harass the rear of the Roman forces who were besieging Drepana and Lilybaeum, which were Carthage's last remaining strongholds on Sicily. The carbon dating of the coin is 217 BCE. See also Hamilcar Barca on Wikipedia; and our 1911 Encyclopdia Britannica disclaimer .  The Punic generals pursued Matho's army and won several small-scale engagements. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In the same year, both Hippacra and Utica joined the rebels. He was appointed commander in chief in Sicily in 247 B.C., when, after 18 years of fighting, the Carthaginian forces were at their lowest. Updates? America's Black dilemma Hannibal whose full name is Chenu Bechola Barca was an intelligent warrior of Carthaginian .  The people's assembly chose Hannibal of Paropos, son of another Hamilcar and a veteran of the First Punic War as Hamilcar's deputy. Carthage had beaten a Roman army in Africa, but Rome seemed able to replace their naval fleets at will. Hamilcar offered the prisoners a choice to join his army, or leave Africa with the condition never to take up arms against Carthage. Moored in the water, we can see a large . He was one of the greatest military commanders in history. vol. Roman consul Fundanius (243/2 BC) arrogantly replied that Hamilcar should request a truce to save his living and denied the request. Hamilcar retired to Africa after the peace treaty in 241 BC, following the defeat of Carthage. The seeds of that conflict, called Hannibals War even in antiquity, were sown by Hamilcars unforgiving and unyielding spirit against Rome and passed on to his sons, Hannibal, Hasdrubal, and Mago. Hamilcar Barca or Barcas ( c. 275-228 BC) was a Carthaginian general and statesman, leader of the Barcid family, and father of Hannibal, Hasdrubal and Mago.  Despite the similarities between the name of the Barcid family and that of the modern city, it is usually accepted that the origin of the name "Barcelona" is the Iberian Barkeno.. The name Hamilcar (PunicPhoenician mlqrt, brother of Melqart) was a common name for Carth Hamilcar Capital is currently advising its consortium of selected investors in transactions across various sectors such as construction, logistics, agro business, leisure & tourism, real estate and infrastructure spread throughout Botswana, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Kenya. Amazons Who Were the Ancient Female Warriors? As this was in line with the goal of the "Peace Party" of Hanno the Great, probably no serious opposition was offered. Media in category "Hamilcar Barca". Boston, Massachusetts, United States - April 20, 2013: Boston Harbor. Hamilcar Barca.  As the two rebel forces came into clear sight the Carthaginians wheeled, and marched away. Omissions? Hanno, accustomed to fighting Libyans and Numidians, did not anticipate any further trouble and left his army for Utica. He divided his army: Hannibal took half of the soldiers and camped to the north of Tunis, while Hamilcar camped to the south, thus hemming in Matho's army in Tunis. The rebel army was starved of supplies and eventually sought to surrender. Hamilcar Barca Conquers Iberia Hamilcar Barca had received much of the blame for causing the Truceless War, owing to the unrealistic promises he made to his troops while leading Carthaginian forces in Sicily. Since the coins male image is shown in the way Apollo, the Roman and Greek sun god, was depicted, indicates that he wasnt a common warrior riding a war elephant, but he was a high ranking military commander. of 1 Hamilcar spent nine years in Spain. In 231 BC, a Roman embassy visited Hamilcar in Spain to inquire about his activities. In these conflicts, Hamilcar had switched Carthage from a naval power to a land power with great success, and he firmly established the Barcid family as the ruling house of Carthage. Sign up for our free weekly email newsletter! Hamilcar refused and slaughtered all of them except for the commanders. This page was last edited on 26 October 2022, at 21:30. However, the rebels regrouped, and observing lax discipline among the Punic troops, launched a surprise sortie and routed the Punic army while Hanno was absent, driving the survivors to Utica and capturing all the baggage. Accordingly, Hamilcar Barca was dispatched in 237 BCE to expand Carthaginian territory, which he did, establishing his base at Gades (Cadiz) and founding a new city of Acra Leuce. Hamilcar Barca or Barcas (Punic: c. 275-228 BC) was a Carthaginian general and statesman, leader of the Barcid family, and father of Hannibal, Hasdrubal and Mago. Carthage was hit by a series of disasters in 239 BC: her fleet and supply flotilla bringing supplies from Empoia was sunk in a storm, the mercenaries in Sardinia rebelled and the cities of Utica and Hippo Acra killed their Punic garrisons and defected to the rebels. The Carthaginian army was caught in a pincer movement; Hamilcar pretended to retreat, and Spendius likely attempted to trap the outnumbered Carthaginians against the river with his two forces, pinning them with one and out-flanking them with the other.
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