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The number of people on the pitch, or the number of pitches for one person, changes as described in the text content. "[38] Manchester's golden age was perhaps the last quarter of the 19th century. Two bids to host the Olympic Games were part of a process to raise the international profile of the city. Pop. However, it began to expand rapidly during the turn of the 19th century. [30][31][32] It developed a wide range of industries, so that by 1835 "Manchester was without challenge the first and greatest industrial city in the world. [189] Gaskell penned all her novels but Mary Barton at her home in 84 Plymouth Grove. [35], Manchester has a notable place in the history of Marxism and left-wing politics; being the subject of Friedrich Engels' work The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844; Engels spent much of his life in and around Manchester,[36] and when Karl Marx visited Manchester, they met at Chetham's Library. The Manchester Larger Urban Zone, a Eurostat measure of the functional city-region approximated to local government districts, had a population of 2,539,100 in 2004. At the other end of the population density scale for England, the amount of land in Eden in Cumbria works out at around five pitches per resident. [196] The more than 500 licensed premises[197] in the city centre have a capacity to deal with more than 250,000 visitors,[198] with 110,000130,000 people visiting on a typical weekend night,[197] making Manchester the most popular city for events at 79 per thousand people. [145], Manchester Airport serves Manchester, Northern England and North Wales. [119], Manchester has the largest UK office market outside London, according to GVA Grimley, with a quarterly office uptake (averaged over 20102014) of some 250,000 square ft equivalent to the quarterly office uptake of Leeds, Liverpool and Newcastle combined and 90,000 square feet more than the nearest rival, Birmingham. [131], Recent improvements in Manchester as part of the Northern Hub in the 2010s have been numerous electrification schemes into and through Manchester, redevelopment of Victoria station and construction of the Ordsall Chord directly linking Victoria and Piccadilly. [214] Manchester City's home is the City of Manchester Stadium in Bradford in east Manchester, built for the 2002 Commonwealth Games and then reconfigured as a football ground. WebIt is the most populous city in northern New England. [61] The River Mersey flows through the south of Manchester. As of today, the most recent published UK Census data was for 2011. A larger-than-life statue of Abraham Lincoln by George Gray Barnard in the eponymous Lincoln Square (having stood for many years in Platt Fields) was presented to the city by Mr and Mrs Charles Phelps Taft of Cincinnati, Ohio, to mark the part Lancashire played in the cotton famine and American Civil War of 18611865. [17] Manchester's Irish Festival, including a St Patrick's Day parade, is one of Europe's largest. It had a population of 552,000 in 2021. [60] Andy Burnham was elected as the first mayor of Greater Manchester in 2017. The places that have seen the largest increases in the population aged under 15 years are Dartford in Kent, where the size of this age group increased by 31.8% between 2011 and 2021, and Peterborough in the East of England (23.8%). WebStatistics from the 2011 census showed that 66.7 per cent of the population was White (59.3 per cent White British, 2.4 per cent White Irish, 0.1 per cent Gypsy or Irish Traveller, 4.9 per cent Other White although the size of mixed European and British ethnic groups is unclear, there are reportedly over 25,000 people in Greater Manchester of at least partial Italian From then the population began to decrease rapidly, due to slum clearance and the increased building of social housing overspill estates by Manchester City Council after the Second World W [email protected] [17] The First World War interrupted access to the export markets. [173] The Museum of Transport displays a collection of historic buses and trams. The ITV franchise Granada Television has been based in Manchester since 1954. An extensive canal network, including the Manchester Ship Canal, was built to carry freight from the Industrial Revolution onward; the canals are still maintained, though now largely repurposed for leisure use. Population change in certain areas may reflect how the coronavirus NA. [58] Between 1890 and 1933, more areas were added to the city, which had been administered by Lancashire County Council, including former villages such as Burnage, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Didsbury, Fallowfield, Levenshulme, Longsight, and Withington. [226][238] Manchester is also covered by two internet television channels: Quays News and [17][22] The library, which opened in 1653 and is still open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom. [172]:1314 The theatre, to be called The Factory, after Manchester's Factory Records, will provide a permanent home for the Manchester International Festival. Its main pop music venue is Manchester Arena, voted "International Venue of the Year" in 2007. 376 were killed and 30,000 houses were damaged. [240] Defunct radio stations include Sunset 102, which became Kiss 102, then Galaxy Manchester), and KFM which became Signal Cheshire (later Imagine FM). On the canal's banks, just outside the borough, the world's first industrial estate was created at Trafford Park. These estimates represent [150] Today, private charter flights and general aviation use City. The largest to be detonated on British soil, the bomb injured over 200 people, heavily damaged nearby buildings, and broke windows .mw-parser-output .frac{white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output .frac .num,.mw-parser-output .frac .den{font-size:80%;line-height:0;vertical-align:super}.mw-parser-output .frac .den{vertical-align:sub}.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px}12 mile (800m) away. [43] Heavy industry suffered a downturn from the 1960s and was greatly reduced under the economic policies followed by Margaret Thatcher's government after 1979. Manchester is located at (39.541840, -90.329390). (2001) city, 392,419; Greater Manchester metropolitan county, 2,482,328; (2011) city, 503,127; Greater Manchester metropolitan county, 2,682,528. [223], An attempt to launch a Northern daily newspaper, the North West Times, employing journalists made redundant by other titles, closed in 1988. [241] A community radio network is coordinated by Radio Regen, with stations covering Ardwick, Longsight and Levenshulme (All FM 96.9) and Wythenshawe (Wythenshawe FM 97.2). More recently, in 2021, the largest age group in the North West was those aged 50 to 54 years. Historically part of Lancashire, areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated into Manchester in the 20th century, including Wythenshawe in 1931. People. The National Cycling Centre includes a velodrome, BMX Arena and Mountainbike trials, and is the home of British Cycling, UCI ProTeam Team Sky and Sky Track Cycling. [138][139] [27] However, this period of decline coincided with the rise of the city as the financial centre of the region. [80], Historically the population of Manchester began to increase rapidly during the Victorian era, estimated at 354,930 for Manchester and 110,833 for Salford in 1865,[83] and peaking at 766,311 in 1931. At 9.7%, Manchester's population increase is higher than the increase for the North West (5.2%). WebThe population of the boroughs in the Metropolitan County of Greater Manchester. In 1889, the city became a county borough, as did many larger Lancashire towns, and therefore not governed by Lancashire County Council. The Rylands Library Papyrus P52, believed to be the earliest extant New Testament text, is on permanent display there. Brass band music, a tradition in the north of England, is important to Manchester's musical heritage;[167] some of the UK's leading bands, such as the CWS Manchester Band and the Fairey Band, are from Manchester and surrounding areas, and the Whit Friday brass-band contest takes place annually in the neighbouring areas of Saddleworth and Tameside. [114] Unemployment throughout 20122013 averaged 11.9 per cent, which was above national average, but lower than some of the country's comparable large cities. Manchester has grown by 18,202 in the last year, which represents a 0.60% annual change. U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Manchester township, Ocean County, New Jersey; Pennsville township, Salem County, New Jersey QuickFacts Population Estimates, July 1 2022, (V2022) - - - - - For places on the map, populations of 5,000 or more are shown Selectable Not Selectable 0 NA (a) Includes persons reporting only one race Historically the population of Manchester began to increase rapidly during the Victorian era, estimated at 354,930 for Manchester and 110,833 for Salford in 1865, and peaking at 766,311 in 1931. The number of cotton mills in Manchester itself reached a peak of 108 in 1853. The widespread use of red brick characterises the city, much of the architecture of which harks back to its days as a global centre for the cotton trade. The 47-storey, 554-foot (169m) Beetham Tower was the tallest UK building outside of London and the highest residential accommodation in Europe when completed in 2006. [146] Services cover many destinations in Europe, North America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia (with more destinations from Manchester than any other airport in Britain). [216] Manchester has competed twice to host the Olympic Games, beaten by Atlanta for 1996 and Sydney for 2000. The per hours-worked gender pay gap is 3.3 per cent compared with 11.1 per cent for Britain. As of January 1 2023, the latest ONS statistics are for 2021. Traffic declined, and the port closed in 1982. [154], Cycling for transportation and leisure enjoys popularity in Manchester and the city also plays a major role in British cycle racing.[155][156]. There has been an increase of 9.6% in people aged 65 years and over, an increase of 7.9% in people aged 15 to 64 years, and an increase of 16.9% in children aged under 15 years. [85] The city experienced the greatest percentage population growth outside London, with an increase of 19 per cent to over 500,000. The economics books Marx was reading at the time can be seen in the library, as can the window seat where Marx and Engels would meet. Two large squares hold many of Manchester's public monuments. The proportion of those with no religious affiliation rose by 58.1 per cent from 16 per cent to 25.3 per cent, whilst the proportion of Muslims increased by 73.6 per cent from 9.1 per cent to 15.8 per cent. The expansion of international trade links during the Industrial Revolution led to the introduction of the first consuls in the 1820s and since then over 800, from all parts of the world, have been based in Manchester. Manchester's population, ethnicity and migration. [59] It was this separation that resulted in Salford becoming the judicial seat of Salfordshire, which included the ancient parish of Manchester. [157] Former Smiths frontman Morrissey, whose lyrics often refer to Manchester locations and culture, later found international success as a solo artist.

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